The most complete introduction to the types of outdoor lighting in 2023

What is the difference between indoor and outdoor lighting fixtures?

The biggest difference is that there is a roof indoors to protect you from wind and rain, but there is not one outdoors.

Therefore, for outdoor use, outdoor lamps must have strict dust-proof and waterproof requirements. The protection level of the housing is divided according to the degree of dust-proof and moisture-proof, and the protection level code IP is usually used.

The code indicating the level of protection usually consists of the characteristic letter IP and two characteristic numbers. The first digit refers to dust resistance; the second digit refers to water resistance.

3 categories of outdoor lighting fixtures

For outdoor lighting, we will divide it into three categories: architectural lighting, landscape lighting, and functional lighting.

Traditional Outdoor Lighting

Traditional outdoor lighting is to make a cavity to place the light source inside. The light source is usually a high-pressure sodium lamp, a metal halide lamp, etc.

These light sources also usually require a ballast.

LED outdoor lighting

The design concept of LED lamp housing completely differs from traditional outdoor lamps. Lenses with different light distributions make LED lamps more in line with outdoor lighting design principles. This concept is similar to indoor lighting, except that we pay more attention to the waterproof and dustproof protection of outdoor lighting.

Commonly used architectural lighting fixtures


Big Bean Angle: Evenly illuminates a large area.

Floodlights project light over a large area and illuminate large areas of building exterior walls.

We can change the LED power, lighting angle, and mounting bracket according to the installation site, projection area, and projection angle.

types of led flood lights

Linear floodlight

Linear floodlights are suitable for all kinds of wall-washing lighting. The power of linear floodlights is usually between 10W and 100W, and the length is usually between 80CM and 120CM.

led linear outdoor lights

Contour light

Contour lights are also linear. But its function is not to project light, but to emit light on its own. It can be used for architectural contour lighting.

Underground lights

The surface of the underground light is almost flat with the ground. Underground lights are often used to illuminate sculptures or walls.

led down lights

Point Lamp

Point light sources are small in size and installed on the surface of buildings. They are inconspicuous during the day but can stand out when lit at night. Point light sources can achieve effects such as monochrome, color change, and video playback in building lighting

pot lights

Wall Lamp

The wall lamp is installed on the wall and has a variety of lighting effects such as single-side lighting, upper and lower side lighting, and space-wide lighting.

wall lights

Foot Lamp

Also mounted on the wall, there is another type of lamp called a foot lamp. Its function is not to illuminate the surface of the building, but to be mounted on the wall and illuminate the ground downwards.

Footlights are used in building facades, entrances, and exits of underground parking lots, parks, and other places.


Commonly used landscape lighting fixtures

Garden Lamps

Garden lights are suitable for lighting wide sidewalks in parks, communities, etc.

Usually installed on a light pole of 3 to 5 meters.

Click to see more ADNLITE led garden lights.

Lawn Lamps

Lawn lamp: suitable for quiet sidewalk lighting with a small flow of people.

Light source: LED below 6W-20W.

Lamp height: 0.3-1.2 meters.

This kind of light has a small lighting range and mainly illuminates the road near the grass.  

lawn light 2

Linear guardrail light

The lights specially installed on the guardrail are called guardrail lights.

Rail garding light

Outdoor Light Strip

Outdoor light strips are also often used in garden landscaping. It is usually hidden and installed on the steps of the square, hydrophilic platform, etc. The power of outdoor light strips is between 3~12W/m.

Outdoor strip lights

Underwater Light

In garden landscapes, lamps are placed into the water to illuminate it.

Underwater lights are widely used in water features, fountains, swimming pools, etc. It has two methods: embedded installation and surface installation with a low-voltage power supply. The IP rating for underwater lights usually requires IP68.

underwater light

Commonly used functional lighting fixtures

Street Light

Street lights are suitable for lighting lanes with heavy traffic. The height of the light pole is 6m to 12 m.

Click to view ADNLITE’s best-selling LED street lights.

Tunnel Light

If the road goes through a tunnel, you can’t erect a tall pole. So we need to install tunnel lights on the top of the tunnel.


Stadium Lights

Stadium lights are suitable for football fields, tennis courts, and other places that require high pole lighting.

The power of stadium lights usually ranges from 200watt to several kilowatts. Stadium lighting has very high requirements for brightness and uniformity (200LUX, 0.8 uniformity).

stadium lights


Because of the diversity of outdoor lighting venues, the corresponding outdoor lighting fixtures are also diverse. Each lamp has a variety of power, color temperature, beam angle, shell, and other options. Outdoor lighting project fixtures are highly customized and complex.

And because the outdoor environment is more likely to shorten the life of lamps. Shopping for outdoor lighting fixtures is challenging.

Contact ADNLITE for your outdoor lighting projects to save your time, efforts with 100% high quality.